Home Invites Members Groups Events Careers Videos News Photos Blogs Polls Singles Forums Chat
Home > Blogs > Post Content

The Gandhi Society (178 hits)


The Gandhi Society

Harry Wachtel joined King's legal advisor Clarence B. Jones in defending four ministers of the SCLC in the libel case New York Times Co. v. Sullivan; the case was litigated in reference to the newspaper advertisement "Heed Their Rising Voices". Wachtel founded a tax-exempt fund to cover the expenses of the suit and to assist the nonviolent civil rights movement through a more effective means of fundraising. This organization was named the "Gandhi Society for Human Rights." King served as honorary president for the group. He was displeased with the pace that President Kennedy was using to address the issue of segregation. In 1962, King and the Gandhi Society produced a document that called on the President to follow in the footsteps of Abraham Lincoln and issue an executive order to deliver a blow for civil rights as a kind of Second Emancipation Proclamation. Kennedy did not execute the order.

Birmingham campaign, 1963

In April 1963, the SCLC began a campaign against racial segregation and economic injustice in Birmingham, Alabama. The campaign used nonviolent but intentionally confrontational tactics, developed in part by Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker. Black people in Birmingham, organizing with the SCLC, occupied public spaces with marches and sit-ins, openly violating laws that they considered unjust.

King's intent was to provoke mass arrests and "create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation. The campaign's early volunteers did not succeed in shutting down the city, or in drawing media attention to the police's actions. Over the concerns of an uncertain King, SCLC strategist James Bevel changed the course of the campaign by recruiting children and young adults to join in the demonstrations. Newsweek called this strategy a Children's Crusade.

During the protests, the Birmingham Police Department, led by Eugene "Bull" Connor, used high-pressure water jets and police dogs against protesters, including children. Footage of the police response was broadcast on national television news and dominated the nation's attention, shocking many white Americans and consolidating black Americans behind the movement. Not all of the demonstrators were peaceful, despite the avowed intentions of the SCLC. In some cases, bystanders attacked the police, who responded with force. King and the SCLC were criticized for putting children in harm's way. But the campaign was a success: Connor lost his job, the "Jim Crow" signs came down, and public places became more open to blacks. King's reputation improved immensely.

King was arrested and jailed early in the campaign—his 13th arrest out of 29. From his cell, he composed the now-famous "Letter from Birmingham Jail" that responds to calls on the movement to pursue legal channels for social change. King argues that the crisis of racism is too urgent, and the current system too entrenched: "We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed." He points out that the Boston Tea Party, a celebrated act of rebellion in the American colonies, was illegal civil disobedience, and that, conversely, "everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was 'legal'."[141] Walter Reuther, president of the United Auto Workers, arranged for $160,000 to bail out King and his fellow protestors.
Posted By: Deacon Ron Gray
Monday, January 18th 2021 at 11:03AM
You can also click here to view all posts by this author...

Report obscenity | post comment
Share |
Please Login To Post Comments...
Email:
Password:

 
More From This Author
Keilar calls out Kayleigh McEnany's Capitol riot claims
Ethics Probe Made Criminal Referral For Elaine Chao; Not Unique Among Trump Cabinet
Why Did The Pentagon Lie About Flynn's Brother's Role In The Jan 6 Response?
Warnock: Raising minimum wage is both smart and morally right
See How The GOP Is Trying To Restrict Your Voting Rights
Celebrating black women in the 90s
Defendant In Trump Riot Case Throws 'Tantrum' Over Being Held In Jail
Chris Hayes: GOP Offers No Policy Ideas, Just Obstruction And Trolling
Forward This Blog Entry!
Blogs Home

(Advertise Here)
Who's Online
>> more | invite 
Black America Resources
100 Black Men of America
www.100blackmen.org

Black America's Political Action Committee (BAMPAC)
www.bampac.org

Black America Study
www.blackamericastudy.com

Black America Web
www.blackamericaweb.com

CNN Black In America Special
www.cnn.com/blackinamerica

NUL State of Black America Report
www.nul.org

Most Popular Bloggers
deacon ron gray has logged 177747 blog subscribers!
agnes levine has logged 55216 blog subscribers!
tanisha grant has logged 52178 blog subscribers!
steve williams has logged 13184 blog subscribers!
gregory boulware, esq. has logged 11498 blog subscribers!
>> more | add 
Latest Jobs
Director, Standards & Policy with International Living Future Institute in Remote, US, WA.
Managing Director - Energy with Rocky Mountain Institute in Boulder, CO, USA, US.
Senior Fellow - Energy with Rocky Mountain Institute in Boulder, CO, USA, US.
Assistant to the Chief Executive Officer with Room to Read in SAN FRANCISCO, CA.
SAP SuccessFactors Talent Management Implementation Consultant with B&A in Washington, DC.
>> more | add