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Thurgood Marshall ------------- Lion of the Constitution (2410 hits)



Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

Thurgood Marshall was America's leading radical.

He led a civil rights revolution in the 20th century that forever changed the landscape of American society.

He is the popular mind of the American Constitutional civil rights struggle.
Posted By: robert powell
Sunday, February 14th 2016 at 1:46PM
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Thurgood Marshall

Marshall described himself as a "hell raiser" as a child, and while his naturally argumentative nature may have gotten him into a certain amount of trouble, it would prove a useful trait as a lawyer.

One of Marshall's punishments for talking too much involved the U.S. Constitution.

"Instead of making us copy out stuff on the blackboard after school when we misbehaved," Marshall later recalled, "our teacher sent us down into the basement to learn parts of the Constitution. I made my way through every paragraph."

These early experiences reinforced many of the deepest convictions that including the importance of education for individual advancement, a deep respect for the legal profession, and the recognition of the bonds of family and community.

"None of us got where we are solely by pulling ourselves up by our bootstraps,"

************************************************************************

THANK YOU, Great Lion of the Constitution --- Radical for the American Founding



Sunday, February 14th 2016 at 1:51PM
robert powell

In recognizing the humanity of our fellow beings, we pay ourselves the highest tribute.

Today's Constitution is a realistic document of freedom only because of several corrective amendments. Those amendments speak to a sense of decency and fairness.

Our whole constitutional heritage rebels at the thought of giving government the power to control men's minds.

If the First Amendment means anything, it means that a state has no business telling a man, sitting alone in his house, what books he may read or what films he may watch.


Lion of the Constitution Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall


Monday, February 15th 2016 at 10:17AM
robert powell

".....What's at stake here is more than the rights of my client. It's the moral commitment stated in our country's creed....."

THE POWERFUL, CONSTITUTIONAL words from Lion of the Constitution Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall when he began his 25-year affiliation with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1934 by representing the organization in the law school discrimination suit ............ Murray v. Pearson.

Murray v. Pearson was a Maryland Court of Appeals decision which found "the state has undertaken the function of education in the law, but has omitted students of one race from the only adequate provision made for it, and omitted them solely because of their color."

On January 15, 1936, the court affirmed the lower court ruling which ordered the university to immediately integrate its student population.

Donald Gaines Murray sought admission to the University of Maryland School of Law on January 24, 1935, but his application was rejected on account of his race.

The rejection letter stated,

"The University of Maryland does not admit Negro students and your application is rejected."

The letter noted the university's duty under the Plessy v. Ferguson doctrine of separate but equal to assist him in studying elsewhere, even at a law school located out-of-state.

Murray appealed this rejection to the Board of Regents of the university, but was refused admittance.

At the circuit court hearing, Marshall stated that Maryland failed to provide a 'separate but equal' education for Murray as required by the Fourteenth Amendment (using the legal standard at that time).


Marshall argued in principle that "since the State of Maryland had not provided a comparable law school for blacks that Murray should be allowed to attend the white university" and stated

The ruling was appealed to Maryland's highest court, the Court of Appeals. This court, in a unanimous decision, affirmed the lower court ruling in 1936.

The decision noted the state's requirement under the Fourteenth Amendment, as it was understood at that time, to provide substantially an equal treatment in the facilities it provides from public funds.

Since Maryland chose to only provide one law school for use by students in the state, that law school had to be available to all.

The decision of the Court of Appeals was never taken to the U.S. Supreme Court, and as such the ruling was not binding outside of Maryland; the Supreme Court addressed the same issue in 1938 in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada.

1934.....!!!!!


Saturday, February 20th 2016 at 4:29PM
robert powell

Lion of the Constitution

Courage passed to Greatest USA President Baraak Hussein Obama

Additional LandMark Thurgood Marshall.....Victories

Chambers v. Florida & Smith v. Allwright

In 1936, Marshall moved to New York City to work full time as legal counsel for the NAACP.

Over the following decades, Marshall argued and won a variety of cases to strike down many forms of legalized racism, helping to inspire the American Civil Rights Movement.

Marshall's first victory before the Supreme Court came in Chambers v. Florida (1940), in which he successfully defended four African American men who had been convicted of murder on the basis of confessions to the police after extended torture, and unfettered violence.

Another Supreme Court victory came in the 1944 case of Smith v. Allwright, in which the Court struck down the Democratic Party's use of "whites-only" primary election contests in the Southern States of the United States.



Friday, February 26th 2016 at 4:23PM
robert powell

Living History: Part of a series tied to the African American Museum of History and Culture.

Cecilia “Cissy” Marshall a 4-foot-11 woman of Philippine descent married to a black legal giant.

Thurgood Marshall’s interracial love: ‘I don’t care what people think. I’m marrying you.’

TODAY marks the 49th anniversary of Thurgood Marshall’s 1967 confirmation as the first African American Supreme Court Justice.

The grandson of a slave, we remember and celebrate Justice Marshall as a champion of civil rights and universal equality.

As chief counsel for the NAACP, Marshall successfully argued 29 of his 32 cases before the Supreme Court, all of which challenged the ‘separate but equal’ ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).

In the landmark 1954 case, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Marshall magnificently reasoned that the separate but equal doctrine was an unconstitutional method for keeping black people “as near slavery as possible,” effectively ending segregation in America’s public schools.

Again, Thank You Cissy


Tuesday, August 30th 2016 at 1:41PM
robert powell

As NAACP lawyer emeritus.....The Segregation of the Army was Important to Civil Rights

---- Founder and Chief Counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense Thurgood Marshall was to go to Korea...

**************************************************************************************************************

When the U.S. military deployed troops to Korea in 1950, the all negro 24th Infantry Regiment was among them.

President Truman had issued an executive order to integrate the military two years earlier,

but many senior commanders simply ignored the command.

Although the 24th's history dated back to the Civil War, the segregated regiment was under-resourced,

under-trained and often sent into the most dismal situations.

A newspaper reporter from Baltimore's Afro-American first informed Thurgood Marshall that more

than 50 negro soldiers had been arrested in Korea, a number out of proportion to the average arrests

of white soldiers.

In 1951, the NAACP sent Thurgood Marshall; America's leading radical, into the war-zone to investigate;

he eventually cleared most of the soldiers' charges.

Marshall:

There were records of trials, so-called trials, in the middle of the night where the men

were sentenced to life imprisonment in hearings that lasted less than ten minutes.

They were the old well-known drumhead court-martials, done in the heat of passion and in the heat of war.

There were fifty or sixty involved. One death penalty case. I remember in particular:

the record showed that this man was charged with being absent in the presence of the enemy.

Instead of being charged with AWOL, he was charged with cowardice in the presence of the enemy.

And fortunately for him, he produced two witnesses: a major in the Medical Corps and a lieutenant

in the Nurse Corps, both of whom testified that he was in a hospital the day that he was supposed to be AWOL.

And despite their testimony, he was convicted and given life imprisonment.

Just prior to that, I was given an audience with General of the Army Douglas MacArthur

.......... The 'leader' of All UN FORCES in KOREA....

I questioned him about the continuation of segregation in the Army and he said he was working on it.

And I asked him how many years he'd been working on it, and he didn't really remember how many.

I reminded him that at the very time we were talking, the Air Force was completely integrated,

and the Navy was quite integrated, and the only group not integrated was the Army.

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur said that he didn't find the Negroes qualified,

And when he found them qualified, they would be integrated.

Interviewer:

Do you have any further impressions of General MacArthur?

Do you feel he was definitely biased or just opinionated?

Marshall:

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur was as biased as any person I've run across.

Interviewer:

In other words, he felt basically that negros were inferior?

Marshall:

Inferior. No question about it. No question about it.

I told him about all these instances. I said, "Well look, General - you've got all those guards out there

with all this spit and polish and there's not one Negro in the whole group."

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur said, "There's none qualified."

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur said, "In field battle, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera."

I said,

"Well, I just talked to a Negro yesterday, a sergeant, who has killed more people with a rifle than anybody in history. And he's not qualified?"

And General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, "No."

That's when General of the Army Douglas MacArthur said for me to go.


Wednesday, August 9th 2017 at 10:04AM
robert powell

---- Thank YOU.....

On This Day: Thurgood Marshall sworn in as Supreme Court Justice

On Oct. 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in first African American justice of USA Supreme Court.

---- ALL AMERICANS have to LOVE YOU.....



Monday, October 2nd 2017 at 6:34PM
robert powell

---- NO, no Thank YOU.....

On This Day: Kavanaugh.

....georgetownPrep, Yale and Beer passed USA ole COLORED republican judicial committee passed to

Full Senate to sit in seat of Lion of the Constitution Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall …?

…..Are COLORED'whites' taking America FORWARD or BACKWARD..?



Saturday, September 29th 2018 at 9:36AM
robert powell


On This Day In History....The Honorable Greatest Constitutional Jurist Thurgood Marshall

On Aug. 30, 1967, the Senate confirmed the appointment of Thurgood Marshall to the United States.

of American Supreme Court...…

……..Follow those steps....Senator Kamala Devi Harris in 2020 Presidential Election …...…!!!



Friday, August 30th 2019 at 6:24PM
robert powell

To the deaCON selfProfessed "'blackNegroPeonChristianHebrewIsraelite' Ham"

1. This is BIA, an African American Family Site

2. Just because you PASTE COLORED'whiteEuroPeon' thought DOES NOT MEAN I MUST agree!

3. If you wish to DEBATE me on ONE blog....with USA Constitutional Verification....

....LETS use this blog....and FOLLOW the RULES of the GREATEST USA Debater....

Supreme Court of the United States Mr. Thurgood Marshall ...

Wednesday, July 15th 2020 at 11:29AM
robert powell
This was dated back before you lost your credibility on Sunday, February 14th 2016 at 1:46PM with a total of 1421 hits, WOW!!!


Thursday, July 16th 2020 at 8:42PM
Deacon Ron Gray

"...This was dated Sunday, February 14th 2016 at 1:46PM... WOW!!!..."

Thursday, July 16th 2020 at 8:42PM
Deacon Ron Gray | delete | block member

***********************************************************************************************

....is your russianMind NOT able to DEBATE in English OR READ english questions?

....is it impossible for deaCON to do anything but PASTE....COLORED'whiteSupremist'...ham?


Friday, July 17th 2020 at 9:47AM
robert powell

Oh how I miss Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Thurgood Marshall in 2022

Oh how I dread Mind and Greatness of Judge Marshall can not be repeated by the clarenceThomases...

..Constitutional thoughts and judicial Action on the Future of America and its Diverse Nature Forward

Oh Creator of Everything.. Help America find a Constitutional Lion; like Marshall in 2022--->2024

Sunday, January 16th 2022 at 3:04PM
robert powell
This was a good man in that post of Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.



Sunday, January 16th 2022 at 3:42PM
Deacon Ron Gray

Ameen

Sunday, January 16th 2022 at 8:25PM
robert powell
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